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Johannes Paul II. war vom Oktober bis zu seinem Tod 26 Jahre und 5 Monate lang Papst der römisch-katholischen Kirche. Ein längeres Pontifikat ist nur für Pius IX. belegt. Johannes Paul II. war der erste Slawe auf dem Papstthron. Johannes Paul II. nahm die repräsentativen Aspekte des Papstamtes verstärkt wahr. Dies zeigte sich vor allem in den Auslandsreisen des Papstes. Johannes Paul II. (bürgerlich Karol Józef Wojtyła) ist der Papst der römisch-katholischen Kirche (), der erste Pole und auch der erste. Papst Johannes Paul II. wäre heute Jahre alt geworden. In Polen wird er noch immer sehr verehrt, aber der Missbrauchsskandal der. Mehr als 26 Jahre lang stand Papst Johannes Paul II. der katholischen Kirche vor und führte sie ins dritte Jahrtausend. Vor Jahren wurde.
Johannes Paul II. war ein charismatischer Papst, der sich wortgewaltig in die Weltpolitik einmischte und wesentlich zur Erosion des Ostblocks. Papst Johannes Paul II. wäre heute Jahre alt geworden. In Polen wird er noch immer sehr verehrt, aber der Missbrauchsskandal der. Johannes Paul II. war vom Oktober bis zu seinem Tod 26 Jahre und 5 Monate lang Papst der römisch-katholischen Kirche. Ein längeres Pontifikat ist nur für Pius IX. belegt. Johannes Paul II. war der erste Slawe auf dem Papstthron. Wort des Bischofs. Und er warb für den absoluten Respekt vor dem Leben, lehnte - trotz viel Kritik - Abtreibungen ebenso ab wie jede künstliche Empfängnisverhütung. The Pilgrim Pope. Jackson 3 percy Der langjährige Kirchenexperte der "Süddeutschen Zeitung" Matthias Drobinski spricht von ihm als "Revolutionär und Reaktionär": ein jugendlicher Kapitalismuskritiker, der den Kommunismus in Polen und Europa https://helamanniskannybro.se/3d-filme-online-stream-free/damian-lewis.php überwinden half, gleichzeitig aber Vielfalt und Meinungsverschiedenheit tribute von panem movie4k der Kirche unterband. Nach seiner Entlassung visit web page Sie befinden sich hier: Planet Wissen Kultur Religion. Iran und die Türkei arbeiten auf zahlreichen Ebenen zusammen. In einigen Bundesstaaten werden Krankenhausbetten knapp. In: Die Zeit Streamcloud series Kugel traf den Papst an der linken Hand und an der Schulter, eine zweite drang in seinen Unterleib ein. Dezemberabgerufen am Sommeraktion: Meine Heimatkirche. Im Juni verlieh George W. Auch weil die Schmuggler ganzer film steht alles kopf 2 Zeiten von Corona sehr kreativ sind, andere Wege zu gehen. Krieg bedeutet immer eine Niederlage für die Menschheit. Pontifikalrequiem für Bischof em. Papst Heiliger In diese mehr als click at this page Jahre fielen weltgeschichtlich das Ende des Kalten Kriegesder Zusammenbruch des Kommunismus in Osteuropa mit der Entstehung neuer Nationalstaaten sowie die Kriege https://helamanniskannybro.se/hd-filme-stream-kostenlos/asja.php Afghanistanim ehemaligen Jugoslawien und im Irak. John Paul II was criticised by representatives of the victims of clergy sexual abuse  for failing to respond click here enough to the Catholic sex abuse crisis. Contact Music. Kitchen Shared https://helamanniskannybro.se/filme-stream-kostenlos-legal/navy-cis-13-staffel.php. They met for prayer, philosophical discussion, and to help the blind and sick. Retrieved 17 June www kostenlos ansehen
Papst Johannes Paul 2 VideoDer Jahrhundertpapst, Zur Seligsprechung von Papst Johannes Paul II
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They called him from a faraway land—far and yet always close because of our communion in faith and Christian traditions.
I was afraid to accept that responsibility, yet I do so in a spirit of obedience to the Lord and total faithfulness to Mary, our most Holy Mother.
I am speaking to you in your—no, our Italian language. If I make a mistake, please corrict me He consistently attracted large crowds, some among the largest ever assembled in human history , such as the Manila World Youth Day , which gathered up to four million people, the largest Papal gathering ever, according to the Vatican.
He was the first pope ever to visit several countries in one year, starting in with Mexico  and Ireland. He travelled to Haiti in , where he spoke in Creole to thousands of impoverished Catholics gathered to greet him at the airport.
His message, "things must change in Haiti," referring to the disparity between the wealthy and the poor, was met with thunderous applause.
He visited the Umayyad Mosque , a former Christian church where John the Baptist is believed to be interred,  where he made a speech calling for Muslims, Christians and Jews to live together.
On 15 January , during the X World Youth Day, he offered Mass to an estimated crowd of between five and seven million in Luneta Park ,  Manila , Philippines, which was considered to be the largest single gathering in Christian history.
They also hoped that if the pope abided by the rules they set, that the Polish people would see his example and follow them as well.
If the pope's visit inspired a riot, the Communist leaders of Poland were prepared to crush the uprising and blame the suffering on the pope.
The pope won that struggle by transcending politics. His was what Joseph Nye calls ' soft power ' — the power of attraction and repulsion.
He began with an enormous advantage, and exploited it to the utmost: He headed the one institution that stood for the polar opposite of the Communist way of life that the Polish people hated.
He was a Pole, but beyond the regime's reach. By identifying with him, Poles would have the chance to cleanse themselves of the compromises they had to make to live under the regime.
And so they came to him by the millions. They listened. He told them to be good, not to compromise themselves, to stick by one another, to be fearless, and that God is the only source of goodness, the only standard of conduct.
Millions shouted in response, 'We want God! We want God! Had the Pope chosen to turn his soft power into the hard variety, the regime might have been drowned in blood.
Instead, the Pope simply led the Polish people to desert their rulers by affirming solidarity with one another. The Communists managed to hold on as despots a decade longer.
But as political leaders, they were finished. According to John Lewis Gaddis , one of the most influential historians of the Cold War , the trip led to the formation of Solidarity and would begin the process of Communism's demise in Eastern Europe:.
When Pope John Paul II kissed the ground at the Warsaw airport he began the process by which Communism in Poland—and ultimately elsewhere in Europe—would come to an end.
On later trips to Poland, he gave tacit support to the Solidarity organisation. Total attendance at these signature events of the pontificate was in the tens of millions.
The Great Jubilee of was a call to the Church to become more aware and to embrace her missionary task for the work of evangelization.
From the beginning of my Pontificate, my thoughts had been on this Holy Year as an important appointment.
I thought of its celebration as a providential opportunity during which the Church, thirty-five years after the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, would examine how far she had renewed herself, in order to be able to take up her evangelising mission with fresh enthusiasm.
Catholicism portal. As pope, John Paul II wrote 14 papal encyclicals and taught about sexuality in what is referred as the " Theology of the Body ".
Some key elements of his strategy to "reposition the Catholic Church" were encyclicals such as Ecclesia de Eucharistia , Reconciliatio et paenitentia and Redemptoris Mater.
In his At the beginning of the new millennium Novo Millennio Ineunte , he emphasised the importance of "starting afresh from Christ": "No, we shall not be saved by a formula but by a Person.
He warned that man "giving himself over to relativism and scepticism, goes off in search of an illusory freedom apart from truth itself".
In Fides et Ratio On the Relationship between Faith and Reason John Paul promoted a renewed interest in philosophy and an autonomous pursuit of truth in theological matters.
Drawing on many different sources such as Thomism , he described the mutually supporting relationship between faith and reason , and emphasised that theologians should focus on that relationship.
John Paul II wrote extensively about workers and the social doctrine of the Church, which he discussed in three encyclicals: Laborem exercens , Sollicitudo rei socialis , and Centesimus annus.
Though critics accused him of inflexibility in explicitly re-asserting Catholic moral teachings against abortion and euthanasia that have been in place for well over a thousand years, he urged a more nuanced view of capital punishment.
John Paul II was considered a conservative on doctrine and issues relating to human sexual reproduction and the ordination of women.
While he was visiting the United States in , the year before becoming pope, Wojtyla said: "All human life, from the moments of conception and through all subsequent stages, is sacred.
A series of lectures given by John Paul II during his Wednesday audiences in Rome between September and November were later compiled and published as a single work titled Theology of the Body , an extended meditation on human sexuality.
He extended it to the condemnation of abortion, euthanasia and virtually all capital punishment ,  calling them all a part of a struggle between a " culture of life " and a "culture of death".
Pope John Paul II, who was present and very influential at the —65 Second Vatican Council , affirmed the teachings of that Council and did much to implement them.
Nevertheless, his critics often wished that he would embrace the so-called "progressive" agenda that some hoped would evolve as a result of the Council.
In fact, the Council did not advocate "progressive" changes in these areas; for example, they still condemned abortion as an unspeakable crime.
Following the Church's exaltation of the marital act of sexual intercourse between a baptised man and woman within sacramental marriage as proper and exclusive to the sacrament of marriage, John Paul II believed that it was, in every instance, profaned by contraception, abortion, divorce followed by a 'second' marriage, and by homosexual acts.
In , John Paul II asserted the Church's lack of authority to ordain women to the priesthood, stating that without such authority ordination is not legitimately compatible with fidelity to Christ.
This was also deemed a repudiation of calls to break with the constant tradition of the Church by ordaining women to the priesthood.
In , while visiting the Netherlands , he gave an impassioned speech condemning apartheid at the International Court of Justice , proclaiming that "No system of apartheid or separate development will ever be acceptable as a model for the relations between peoples or races.
Pope John Paul II was an outspoken opponent of the death penalty , although previous popes had accepted the practice.
At a papal mass in St. Louis, Missouri , in the United States he said:. A sign of hope is the increasing recognition that the dignity of human life must never be taken away, even in the case of someone who has done great evil.
Modern society has the means of protecting itself, without definitively denying criminals the chance to reform. I renew the appeal I made most recently at Christmas for a consensus to end the death penalty, which is both cruel and unnecessary.
Mease to life imprisonment without parole. At that time, Guatemala was one of only two countries in Latin America the other being Cuba to apply capital punishment.
In his apostolic exhortation Ecclesia in Europa , John Paul II wrote that he "fully respected the secular nature of European institutions".
However, he wanted the EU Constitution to enshrine religious rights, including acknowledging the rights of religious groups to organise freely, recognise the specific identity of each denomination and allow for a "structured dialogue" between each religious community and the EU, and extend across the European Union the legal status enjoyed by religious institutions in individual member states.
The pope's desire for a reference to Europe's Christian identity in the Constitution was supported by non-Catholic representatives of the Church of England and Eastern Orthodox Churches from Russia , Romania , and Greece.
At the same time, however, John Paul II was an enthusiastic supporter of European integration ; in particular, he supported his native Poland's entry into the bloc.
On 19 May , three weeks before a referendum was held in Poland on EU membership, the Polish pope addressed his compatriots and urged them to vote for Poland's EU membership at St.
Peter's Square in Vatican City State. I know that there are many in opposition to integration. I appreciate their concern about maintaining the cultural and religious identity of our nation.
However, I must emphasise that Poland has always been an important part of Europe. Europe needs Poland. The Church in Europe needs the Poles' testimony of faith.
Poland needs Europe. The Polish pope compared Poland's entry into the EU to the Union of Lublin , which was signed in and united the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into one nation and created an elective monarchy.
The convergence, neither sought nor fabricated, of the results of work that was conducted independently is in itself a significant argument in favour of this theory.
Although generally accepting the theory of evolution, John Paul II made one major exception—the human soul.
War is not always inevitable. It is always a defeat for humanity. Bush , the US president , to express opposition to the war.
John Paul II said that it was up to the United Nations to solve the international conflict through diplomacy and that a unilateral aggression is a crime against peace and a violation of international law.
He was encouraged by John Paul II to maintain episcopal unity as a top priority. John Paul withdrew it, wagged his finger in Cardenal's face, and told him, "You must straighten out your position with the church.
In , during a pilgrimage to Agrigento , Sicily , he appealed to the Mafiosi: "I say to those responsible: 'Convert!
One day, the judgment of God will arrive! Some believed that this was the mob's vendetta against the pope for his denunciations of organised crime.
Between and , a nation coalition led by the United States waged a war against Saddam Hussein 's Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait.
Throughout the conflict, he appealed to the international community to stop the war, and after it was over led diplomatic initiatives to negotiate peace in the Middle East.
No, never again war, which destroys the lives of innocent people, teaches how to kill, throws into upheaval even the lives of those who do the killing and leaves behind a trail of resentment and hatred, thus making it all the more difficult to find a just solution of the very problems which provoked the war.
Peter's Basilica , John Paul II called for the international community to "lend an ear" to "the long-ignored aspirations of oppressed peoples".
He specifically named the Kurds , a people who were fighting a civil war against Saddam Hussein's troops in Iraq, as one such people, and referred to the war as a "darkness menacing the earth".
During this time, the Vatican had expressed its frustration with the international ignoring of the pope's calls for peace in the Middle East.
John Paul II was the first world leader to describe as genocide the massacre by Hutus of Tutsis in the mostly Catholic country of Rwanda, which started in and reached its height in He called for a ceasefire and condemned the massacres on 10 April and 15 May He told Rwandan and Burundian refugees that he "was close to them and shared their immense pain".
He said:. What is happening in your countries is a terrible tragedy that must end. During the African Synod, we, the pastors of the church, felt the duty to express our consternation and to launch an appeal for forgiveness and reconciliation.
This is the only way to dissipate the threats of ethnocentrism that are hovering over Africa these days and that have so brutally touched Rwanda and Burundi.
In the book, as quoted by Reuters , he wrote: "It is legitimate and necessary to ask oneself if this is not perhaps part of a new ideology of evil, more subtle and hidden, perhaps, intent upon exploiting human rights themselves against man and against the family.
While not neglecting to comment on homosexuality and moral order, the letter issued multiple affirmations of the dignity of homosexual persons.
Particular churches. Philosophy, theology, and fundamental theory of canon law. Juridic and physical persons.
Associations of the faithful. Institute of consecrated life. Society of apostolic life. By the publication of this Code, the canonical ordering of the whole Church is thus at length completed, following as it does It entered into force the first Sunday of the following Advent ,  which was 27 November It is divided into 30 titles and has a total of canons.
It instituted a number of reforms in the process of running the Roman Curia. Pastor bonus laid out in considerable detail the organisation of the Roman Curia, specifying precisely the names and composition of each dicastery, and enumerating the competencies of each dicastery.
He declared the publication to be "a sure norm for teaching the faith … a sure and authentic reference text for teaching Catholic doctrine and particularly for preparing local catechisms".
It was "meant to encourage and assist in the writing of new local catechisms [both applicable and faithful]" rather than replacing them.
Pope John Paul II has been credited with inspiring political change that not only led to the collapse of Communism in his native Poland and eventually all of Eastern Europe, but also in many countries ruled by dictators.
The single fact of John Paul II's election in changed everything. In Poland, everything began. Not in East Germany or Czechoslovakia.
Then the whole thing spread. Why in did they lead the way in Gdansk? Why did they decide, now or never?
Only because there was a Polish pope. He was in Chile and Pinochet was out. He was in Haiti and Duvalier was out.
He was in the Philippines and Marcos was out. On many of those occasions, people would come here to the Vatican thanking the Holy Father for changing things.
In the words of The New York Times , he used "unusually strong language" to criticise Pinochet and asserted to journalists that the Church in Chile must not only pray, but actively fight for the restoration of democracy in Chile.
The pope confided to a friend: "I received a letter from Pinochet in which he told me that as a Catholic he had listened to my words, he had accepted them, and he had decided to begin the process to change the leadership of his country.
John Paul II visited the Vicariate of Solidarity's offices, spoke with its workers, and "called upon them to continue their work, emphasizing that the Gospel consistently urges respect for human rights".
For instance, he hugged and kissed Carmen Gloria Quintana , a young student who had been nearly burned to death by Chilean police and told her that "We must pray for peace and justice in Chile.
The opposition praised John Paul II for denouncing Pinochet as a "dictator", for many members of Chile's opposition were persecuted for much milder statements.
Bishop Carlos Camus , one of the harshest critics of Pinochet's dictatorship within the Chilean Church, praised John Paul II's stance during the papal visit: "I am quite moved, because our pastor supports us totally.
Never again will anyone be able to say that we are interfering in politics when we defend human dignity.
The Pope's visit is a mission, an extraordinary social catechism, and his stay here will be a watershed in Chilean history.
Some have erroneously accused John Paul II of affirming Pinochet's regime by appearing with the Chilean ruler in public.
However, Cardinal Roberto Tucci , the organiser of John Paul II's visits, revealed that Pinochet tricked the pontiff by telling him he would take him to his living room, while in reality he took him to his balcony.
Tucci says that the pontiff was "furious". Yours is a beautiful country, rich in human resources, but Christians cannot be unaware of the injustice, the excessive inequality, the degradation of the quality of life, the misery, the hunger, the fear suffered by the majority of the people.
John Paul II spoke in French and occasionally in Creole, and in the homily outlined the basic human rights that most Haitians lacked: "the opportunity to eat enough, to be cared for when ill, to find housing, to study, to overcome illiteracy, to find worthwhile and properly paid work; all that provides a truly human life for men and women, for young and old.
Shortly before leaving Haiti, John Paul II called for social change in Haiti by saying: "Lift up your heads, be conscious of your dignity of men created in God's image John Paul II's visit inspired massive protests against the Duvalier dictatorship.
In response to the visit, Catholic priests and Church workers signed a statement committing the Church to work on behalf of the poor.
Politics has a fundamental ethical dimension because it is first and foremost a service to man.
The Church can and must remind men—and in particular those who govern—of their ethical duties for the good of the whole of society.
The Church cannot be isolated inside its temples just as men's consciences cannot be isolated from God. Later, during a Mass, Pope John Paul II criticised the regime for impoverishing the peasants and the unemployed, saying that the government must give people greater access to the land.
Although Stroessner tried to prevent him from doing so, Pope John Paul II met opposition leaders in the one-party state. By the late s the dissolution of the Soviet Union had been predicted by some observers.
Nobody knew how to get rid of Communism. In Warsaw , in , he simply said: 'Do not be afraid', and later prayed: 'Let your Spirit descend and change the image of the land … this land'.
In President Ronald Reagan opened diplomatic relations with the Vatican for the first time since In sharp contrast to the long history of strong domestic opposition, this time there was very little opposition from Congress, the courts, and Protestant groups.
Perhaps most surprisingly, the papers show that, as late as , the pope did not believe the Communist Polish government could be changed.
No one can prove conclusively that he was a primary cause of the end of communism. I would argue the historical case in three steps: without the Polish Pope, no Solidarity revolution in Poland in ; without Solidarity, no dramatic change in Soviet policy towards eastern Europe under Gorbachev; without that change, no velvet revolutions in The president read the citation that accompanied the medal, which recognised "this son of Poland" whose "principled stand for peace and freedom has inspired millions and helped to topple communism and tyranny".
In Poland's Communist government unsuccessfully tried to humiliate John Paul II by falsely saying he had fathered an illegitimate child.
At the World Day of Prayer for Peace , held in Assisi on 27 October , more than representatives of different religions and denominations spent a day of fasting and prayer.
He said that he was disappointed by the Church of England's decision to ordain women and saw it as a step away from unity between the Anglican Communion and the Catholic Church.
He says:. It seems that those who practice them are particularly close to Christianity, and among them, the Church's missionaries also find it easier to speak a common language.
Is there, perhaps, in this veneration of ancestors a kind of preparation for the Christian faith in the Communion of Saints, in which all believers—whether living or dead—form a single community, a single body?
In , the pope visited the African country of Togo , where 60 per cent of the population espouses animist beliefs.
To honour the pope, animist religious leaders met him at a Catholic Marian shrine in the forest, much to the pontiff's delight.
John Paul II proceeded to call for the need for religious tolerance, praised nature, and emphasised common elements between animism and Christianity, saying:.
Nature, exuberant and splendid in this area of forests and lakes, impregnates spirits and hearts with its mystery and orients them spontaneously toward the mystery of He who is the author of life.
It is this religious sentiment that animates you and one can say that animates all of your compatriots. Meanwhile, the pope gave Karekin the relics of St.
Gregory the Illuminator , the first head of the Armenian Church that had been kept in Naples , Italy , for years.
Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral in Yerevan. The two Church leaders signed a declaration remembering the victims of the Armenian genocide.
The two men held many similar views and understood similar plights, both coming from nations affected by Communism and both serving as heads of major religious bodies.
In particular I express my highest regard for the followers of Buddhism, the majority religion in Sri Lanka, with its … four great values of … loving kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy and equanimity; with its ten transcendental virtues and the joys of the Sangha expressed so beautifully in the Theragathas.
I ardently hope that my visit will serve to strengthen the goodwill between us, and that it will reassure everyone of the Catholic Church's desire for interreligious dialogue and cooperation in building a more just and fraternal world.
To everyone I extend the hand of friendship, recalling the splendid words of the Dhammapada : "Better than a thousand useless words is one single word that gives peace This was the first time a pope had visited a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in For many years, John Paul II sought to facilitate dialogue and unity stating as early as in Euntes in mundum , "Europe has two lungs, it will never breathe easily until it uses both of them.
Christodoulos read a list of "13 offences" of the Catholic Church against the Eastern Orthodox Church since the Great Schism,  including the pillaging of Constantinople by crusaders in , and bemoaned the lack of apology from the Catholic Church, saying "Until now, there has not been heard a single request for pardon" for the "maniacal crusaders of the 13th century".
The pope responded by saying "For the occasions past and present, when sons and daughters of the Catholic Church have sinned by action or omission against their Orthodox brothers and sisters, may the Lord grant us forgiveness", to which Christodoulos immediately applauded.
They issued a 'common declaration', saying "We shall do everything in our power, so that the Christian roots of Europe and its Christian soul may be preserved We condemn all recourse to violence, proselytism and fanaticism, in the name of religion.
The pope had said throughout his pontificate that one of his greatest dreams was to visit Russia, but this never occurred.
He attempted to solve the problems that had arisen over centuries between the Catholic and Russian Orthodox churches, and in gave them a copy of the lost icon of Our Lady of Kazan.
On 6 May , he became the first Catholic pope to enter and pray in a mosque, namely the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus , Syria. Respectfully removing his shoes, he entered the former Byzantine era Christian church dedicated to John the Baptist , who is also revered as a prophet of Islam.
He gave a speech including the statement: "For all the times that Muslims and Christians have offended one another, we need to seek forgiveness from the Almighty and to offer each other forgiveness.
He praised Mohandas Gandhi for his "unshakeable faith in God", assured the Jains that the Catholic Church will continue to engage in dialogue with their religion and spoke of the common need to aid the poor.
The Jain leaders were impressed with the pope's "transparency and simplicity", and the meeting received much attention in the Gujarat state in western India, home to many Jains.
It was beyond history, beyond memory. We are deeply saddened by the behaviour of those who in the course of history have caused these children of yours to suffer, and asking your forgiveness we wish to commit ourselves to genuine brotherhood with the people of the Covenant.
Immediately after John Paul II's death, the ADL said in a statement that he had revolutionised Catholic-Jewish relations, saying, "more change for the better took place in his year Papacy than in the nearly 2, years before.
He achieved far more in terms of transforming relations with both the Jewish people and the State of Israel than any other figure in the history of the Catholic Church.
With Judaism, therefore, we have a relationship which we do not have with any other religion. You are our dearly beloved brothers, and in a certain way, it could be said that you are our elder brothers.
In an interview with the Polish Press Agency, Michael Schudrich , chief rabbi of Poland, said that never in history did anyone do as much for Christian-Jewish dialogue as Pope John Paul II, adding that many Jews had a greater respect for the late pope than for some rabbis.
Schudrich praised John Paul II for condemning anti-Semitism as a sin, which no previous pope had done. In the stormy history of relations between Roman popes and Jews in the ghetto in which they were closed for over three centuries in humiliating circumstances, John Paul II is a bright figure in his uniqueness.
In relations between our two great religions in the new century that was stained with bloody wars and the plague of racism, the heritage of John Paul II remains one of the few spiritual islands guaranteeing survival and human progress.
In Mainz , he met with leaders of the Evangelical Church in Germany , and with representatives of other Christian denominations.
In addition to celebrating Mass with Catholic believers, he participated in ecumenical services at places that had been Catholic shrines before the Reformation: Nidaros Cathedral in Norway; near St.
The signing was a fruit of a theological dialogue that had been going on between the LWF and the Vatican since As he entered St.
On the way to the hospital, he lost consciousness. Even though the two bullets missed his mesenteric artery and abdominal aorta , he lost nearly three-quarters of his blood.
He underwent five hours of surgery to treat his wounds. Could I forget that the event in St. For in everything that happened to me on that very day, I felt that extraordinary motherly protection and care, which turned out to be stronger than the deadly bullet.
He was sentenced to life imprisonment. I spoke to him as a brother whom I have pardoned and who has my complete trust.
Numerous other theories were advanced to explain the assassination attempt, some of them controversial. One such theory, advanced by Michael Ledeen and heavily pushed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency at the time of the assassination but never substantiated by evidence, was that the Soviet Union was behind the attempt on John Paul II's life in retaliation for the pope's support of Solidarity, the Catholic, pro-democratic Polish workers' movement.
On 15 January a suicide bomber was planning to dress as a priest and detonate a bomb when the pope passed in his motorcade on his way to the San Carlos Seminary in Makati City.
The assassination was supposed to divert attention from the next phase of the operation. However, a chemical fire inadvertently started by the cell alerted police to their whereabouts, and all were arrested a week before the pope's visit, and confessed to the plot.
There is wide speculation that they were, in reality, KGB agents. John Paul II apologised to many groups that had suffered at the hands of the Catholic Church through the years.
As pope, he officially made public apologies for over wrongdoings, including:    . On 20 November , from a laptop in the Vatican, Pope John Paul II sent his first e-mail apologising for the Catholic sex abuse cases , the Church-backed " Stolen Generations " of Aboriginal children in Australia, and to China for the behaviour of Catholic missionaries in colonial times.
When he became pope in at the age of 58, John Paul II was an avid sportsman. He was extremely healthy and active, jogging in the Vatican gardens , weight training, swimming, and hiking in the mountains.
He was fond of football. The only modern pope with a fitness regimen had been Pope Pius XI — , who was an avid mountaineer. However, after over twenty-five years as pope, two assassination attempts, one of which injured him severely, and a number of cancer scares, John Paul's physical health declined.
In he was diagnosed as suffering from Parkinson's disease. Despite difficulty speaking more than a few sentences at a time, trouble hearing , and severe osteoarthrosis , he continued to tour the world although rarely walking in public.
Pope John Paul II was hospitalised with breathing problems caused by a bout of influenza on 1 February On 31 March , following a urinary tract infection ,  he developed septic shock , a form of infection with a high fever and low blood pressure , but was not hospitalised.
Instead, he was monitored by a team of consultants at his private residence. This was taken as an indication by the pope, and those close to him, that he was nearing death; it would have been in accordance with his wishes to die in the Vatican.
The day before his death, one of his closest personal friends, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka visited him at his bedside. Tens of thousands of people assembled and held vigil in St.
Peter's Square and the surrounding streets for two days. Upon hearing of this, the dying pope was said to have stated: "I have searched for you, and now you have come to me, and I thank you.
Present at the bedside was a cardinal from Ukraine, who served as a priest with John Paul in Poland, along with Polish nuns of the Congregation of the Sisters Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, who ran the papal household.
Pope John Paul II died in his private apartment at CEST UTC of heart failure from profound hypotension and complete circulatory collapse from septic shock, 46 days before his 85th birthday.
The death of the pontiff set in motion rituals and traditions dating back to medieval times.
Peter's Basilica. John Paul II's testament, published on 7 April ,  revealed that the pontiff contemplated being buried in his native Poland but left the final decision to The College of Cardinals, which in passing, preferred burial beneath St.
Peter's Basilica, honouring the pontiff's request to be placed "in bare earth". The Requiem Mass held on 8 April was said to have set world records both for attendance and number of heads of state present at a funeral.
It was the single largest gathering of heads of state up to that time, surpassing the funerals of Winston Churchill and Josip Broz Tito Four kings, five queens, at least 70 presidents and prime ministers, and more than 14 leaders of other religions attended.
The alcove had been empty since John XXIII's remains had been moved into the main body of the basilica after his beatification.
Upon the death of John Paul II, a number of clergy at the Vatican and laymen    began referring to the late pontiff as "John Paul the Great" — in theory only the fourth pope to be so acclaimed.
Scholars of canon law say that there is no official process for declaring a pope "Great"; the title simply establishes itself through popular and continued usage,    as was the case with celebrated secular leaders for example, Alexander III of Macedon became popularly known as Alexander the Great.
Inspired by calls of "Santo Subito! Peter's Square. In early , it was reported that the Vatican was investigating a possible miracle associated with John Paul II.
Sister Marie Simon-Pierre , a French nun and member of the Congregation of Little Sisters of Catholic Maternity Wards, confined to her bed by Parkinson's disease,   was reported to have experienced a "complete and lasting cure after members of her community prayed for the intercession of Pope John Paul II".
During his homily , he encouraged prayers for the early canonisation of John Paul II and stated that he hoped canonisation would happen "in the near future".
Following a ceremony on 2 April —the second anniversary of the Pontiff's death—the cause proceeded to the scrutiny of the committee of lay, clerical, and episcopal members of the Vatican's Congregation for the Causes of Saints , to conduct a separate investigation.
On leaving St. Peter's Basilica, the boy told them, "I want to walk," and began walking normally. Once the second decree is signed, the positio the report on the cause, with documentation about his life and writings and with information on the cause is complete.
As Monsignor Oder said, this course would have been possible if the second decree were signed in time by Benedict XVI, stating that a posthumous miracle directly attributable to his intercession had occurred, completing the positio.
Peter's Basilica ahead of his beatification, as tens of thousands of people arrived in Rome for one of the biggest events since his funeral.
Peter's Square on 1 May Sebastian , where Pope Innocent XI was buried. Antonio Schlesinger Piedrahita, a renowned neurologist in Colombia, certified Fidel's healing.
The documentation was then sent to the Vatican office for sainthood causes. To be eligible for canonisation being declared a saint by the Catholic Church, two miracles must be attributed to a candidate.
According to an article on the Catholic News Service CNS dated 23 April , a Vatican commission of doctors concluded that a healing had no natural medical explanation, which is the first requirement for a claimed miracle to be officially documented.
The second miracle was deemed to have taken place shortly after the late pope's beatification on 1 May ; it was reported to be the healing of Costa Rican woman Floribeth Mora of an otherwise terminal brain aneurysm.
On 4 July , Pope Francis confirmed his approval of John Paul II's canonisation, formally recognising the second miracle attributed to his intercession.
About cardinals and bishops concelebrated the Mass, and at least , people attended the Mass, with an estimated , others watching from video screens placed around Rome.
It currently awaits the approval from the Holy See to open the diocesan phase of the cause. John Paul II was widely criticised for a variety of his views, including his opposition to the ordination of women and use of contraception ,   his support for the Second Vatican Council and its reform of the liturgy , and his response to child sexual abuse within the Church.
John Paul II was criticised by representatives of the victims of clergy sexual abuse  for failing to respond quickly enough to the Catholic sex abuse crisis.
In his response, he stated that "there is no place in the priesthood and religious life for those who would harm the young.
In April , John Paul II, despite being frail from Parkinson's disease, summoned all the American cardinals to the Vatican to discuss possible solutions to the issue of sexual abuse in the American Church.
He asked them to "diligently investigate accusations". John Paul II suggested that American bishops be more open and transparent in dealing with such scandals and emphasised the role of seminary training to prevent sexual deviance among future priests.
In what The New York Times called "unusually direct language", John Paul condemned the arrogance of priests that led to the scandals:.
Priests and candidates for the priesthood often live at a level both materially and educationally superior to that of their families and the members of their own age group.
It is therefore very easy for them to succumb to the temptation of thinking of themselves as better than others. When this happens, the ideal of priestly service and self-giving dedication can fade, leaving the priest dissatisfied and disheartened.
The pope read a statement intended for the American cardinals, calling the sex abuse "an appalling sin" and said the priesthood had no room for such men.
The panel of experts overwhelmingly opposed implementation of policies of "zero-tolerance" such as was proposed by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops.
One expert called such policies a "case of overkill" since they do not permit flexibility to allow for differences among individual cases.
Law had previously resigned as archbishop of Boston in in response to the Catholic Church sexual abuse cases after Church documents were revealed that suggested he had covered up sexual abuse committed by priests in his archdiocese.
However, Macieel's trial began in during the pontificate of John Paul II, but the Pope died before it ended and the conclusions were known.
And he was accused repeatedly of taking a soft hand with them, especially in the case of Marcial Maciel , founder of the Legion of Christ.
Pope John Paul was alleged to have links with Banco Ambrosiano , an Italian bank that collapsed in Ambrosiano also provided funds for political parties in Italy, and for both the Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua and its Sandinista opposition.
It has been widely alleged that the Vatican Bank provided money for Solidarity in Poland. Calvi used his complex network of overseas banks and companies to move money out of Italy, to inflate share prices, and to arrange massive unsecured loans.
In , the Bank of Italy produced a report on Ambrosiano that predicted future disaster. In addition to all the criticism from those demanding modernisation, some Traditionalist Catholics denounced him as well.
These issues included demanding a return to the Tridentine Mass  and repudiation of the reforms instituted after the Second Vatican Council, such as the use of the vernacular language in the formerly Latin Roman Rite Mass, ecumenism , and the principle of religious liberty.
Pius X , was excommunicated under John Paul II because of the unapproved ordination of four bishops, which Cardinal Ratzinger called a "schismatic act".
The World Day of Prayer for Peace ,  with a meeting in Assisi, Italy, in , in which the pope prayed only with the Christians,  was criticised for giving the impression that syncretism and indifferentism were openly embraced by the Papal Magisterium.
When a second 'Day of Prayer for Peace in the World'  was held, in , it was condemned as confusing the laity and compromising to false religions.
Likewise criticised was his kissing  of the Qur'an in Damascus, Syria, on one of his travels on 6 May John Paul's position against artificial birth control, including the use of condoms to prevent the spread of HIV,  was harshly criticised by doctors and AIDS activists, who said that it led to countless deaths and millions of AIDS orphans.
The Catholic Agency for Overseas Development published a paper stating, "Any strategy that enables a person to move from a higher-risk towards the lower end of the continuum, [we] believe, is a valid risk reduction strategy.
There was strong criticism of the pope for the controversy surrounding the alleged use of charitable social programmes as a means of converting people in the Third World to Catholicism.
Augusto Pinochet's military regime The thirty-two-year friendship and occasional academic collaboration lasted until his death.
Writers Carl Bernstein , the veteran investigative journalist of the Watergate scandal , and Vatican expert Marco Politi, were the first journalists to talk to Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka in the s about her importance in John Paul's life.
They interviewed her and dedicated 20 pages to her in their book His Holiness. How could I fall in love with a middle-aged clergyman? Besides, I'm a married woman.
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Retrieved 6 October Even though his doctoral work was unanimously approved in June , he was denied the degree because he could not afford to print the text of his dissertation in accordance with an Angelicum rule.
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File information. Structured data. Captions English Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as the right to life , artificial contraception , the ordination of women , and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council , he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.
As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness , he beatified 1, and canonised people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries.
By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals , consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.
His wish was "to place his Church at the heart of a new religious alliance that would bring together Jews, Muslims and Christians in a great religious armada".
John Paul II was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after Pope Pius IX , who served for nearly 32 years from to John Paul II's cause for canonisation commenced in one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived.
The funeral was followed by the novemdiales devotional in which the Catholic Church observes nine days of mourning.
On 22 February , Pope John Paul II introduced revisions to the centuries-old ceremonies surrounding papal death, repose and burial.
The revisions enacted through the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis applied to his own funeral. Pope John Paul's funeral brought together what was, at the time, the single largest gathering in history of heads of state outside the United Nations ,  surpassing the funeral of Winston Churchill , only to be surpassed by the funeral of former South Africa leader Nelson Mandela in December Four kings , five queens , at least seventy presidents and prime ministers , and more than fourteen leaders of other religions attended, alongside the faithful.
Johannes Paul II.